Hazor: Canaanite Metropolis, Israelite City
By Amnon Ben-Tor
“Impressively detailed, exceptionally well-written, and deftly organized history. Recommended for professional, community, college and university library Biblical archaeology collections in general, and Hazor archaeology supplemental studies in general.” — THE MIDWEST BOOK REVIEW
“Hazor formerly was the head of all those kingdoms”—thus wrote the chronicler of the Book of Joshua (11:10), and the source before him was undoubtedly reliable and accurate. During the 30 excavation seasons conducted at the site of ancient Hazor, it became clear that this was the largest and most important city-state in the Land of Israel in the second millennium B.C.E. At its floruit, Hazor spanned c. 200 acres, 10 times the size of Jerusalem in the days of King David and King Solomon.
The magnificent finds uncovered within the Ceremonial Palace of the Canaanite period point to extensive commercial, cultural and artistic ties with the centers of power in the region, from Babylon in the east, through the Hittite kingdom and Egypt, all the way to Cyprus and Greece in the west. Hazor’s days of grandeur came to an end with its fall into the hands of the Israelite tribes that settled the land.
The visitor to Israelite Hazor has the unique opportunity to witness the reliability of the Biblical historiography first-hand and to cast his eyes upon the structures attributed to the days of the monarchs of the Kingdom of Israel, from Solomon, through Ahab and Jeroboam II, until the days of Pekah son of Remaliah.
Amnon Ben-Tor, Professor Emeritus of the Archaeology of Israel at the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, participated in the excavations of Yadin’s expedition to Hazor in the 1950s and 1960s. For the past 25 years he has directed the renewed excavations at the site.
This book was published by the Israel Exploration Society and the Biblical Archaeology Society in 2015.